Top  >  Literary Structures of the Bible  >  Book of Jonah  >  Pericope

Literary structure (chiasm, chiasmus) of Book of Jonah

Chiastic Structure and Concentric Structure and Parallel of each pericope

[1]Jonah tries to run away from God  (Jon 1:1-3)
 
  A(1:1-2)  The command of the LORD
  A'(1:3)  Rejection of the command
 
   A: The command of the LORD.

[2]Jonah's disaster  (Jon 1:4-16)
 
  A(1:4-5)  1:4 in the furious tempest that arose the ship was on the point of breaking up. (1:4)
    B(1:6-8)    1:8 Tell us why this calamity has come upon us (1:8)
      C(1:9)      Words of Jonah
        D(1:10a)        Words of the people
          E(1:10b)          1:10 They knew that he was fleeing from the LORD (1:10)
        D(1:11)        Words of the people
      C'(1:12)      Words of Jonah
    B'(1:13-14)    1:14 let us not perish for taking this man's life (1:14)
  A'(1:15-16)  1:15 the sea's raging abated. (1:15)
 
   A: The tempest. B: Responsibility of the tempest. C: Words of Jonah. D: Words of the people. E: Jonah was fleeing from the LORD.

[3]A psalm of thanksgiving  (Jon 2:1-11)
 
  A(2:1)  
"2:1 the LORD sent a large fish, that swallowed Jonah (2:1)"   
(דג)
    B(2:2-3)    2:3 From the midst of the nether world I cried for help, and you heard my voice. (2:3)
      C(2:4-7)      2:6 you brought up my life from the Pit, O LORD my God (2:6)
    B'(2:8-10)    2:8 My prayer reached you in your holy temple. (2:8)
  A'(2:11)  
2:11 Then the LORD commanded the fish to spew Jonah upon the shore.(2:11)   
(דג)
 
   A: The commands of the LORD. B: Calling for salvation. C: Salvation of the LORD.

[4]Conversion of Nineveh  (Jon 3:1-10)
 
  A(3:1-4)  3:4 Forty days more and Nineveh shall be destroyed (3:4)
    B(3:5-9)    3:5 they proclaimed a fast and all of them, great and small, put on sackcloth. (3:5)
  A'(3:10)  3:10 he repented of the evil that he had threatened to do to them (3:10)
 
   A: The disaster. B: Conversion.

[5]Jonah is reproved  (Jon 4:1-11)
 
  A(4:1-3)  Dissatisfaction of Jonah
    B(4:4)    4:4 Have you reason to be angry? (4:4)
      C(4:5-6)      The LORD saved Jonah
  A'(4:7-8)  Dissatisfaction of Jonah
    B'(4:9)    4:9 Have you reason to be angry over the plant? (4:9)
      C'(4:10-11)      The LORD saved Nineveh
 
   A: Dissatisfaction of Jonah. B: Have you reason to be angry? C: The LORD saved.


Citations of the Bible are from New American Bible, New Revised Standard Version and New Jerusalem Bible.

Creative Commons License
Literary Structure of the Bible by Hajime Murai is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Caution: The copyright of the cited Bible verses belongs to each translator and publisher.